Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Published: February 24, 2020
Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, several state institutions were placed in Brunswick, including the Aviation Research Institute or the Hitler Youth Academy for Youth Leadership. There were also several factories in the city itself, for example, the large Volkswagen-Factory. Finally the Brunswick region became one of the centers of the German arms industry. During the Second World War, Brunswick was Sub-Area Headquarters and Military District, and was the garrison city of the 31st Infantry Division that took part in the invasions of Poland, Belgium, and France.

The Allied air raid on October 15, 1944, destroyed most of the city's churches, and the old town - once the largest homogeneous ensemble of half-timbered houses in Germany. Small sections of the city survived Allied bombing, so remain to represent its distinctive architecture. After the war, and during the Cold War, Brunswick, then part of West Germany, suffered economically due to its proximity to the Iron Curtain, because the city lost its strong economic ties to what was then East Germany.

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II

Brunswick from above: Aerial view after Allied air raids in World War II


Trolley Mission

This website tells the story of an extraordinary sightseeing tour of Germany at the end of the European War (Second World War). These “Trolley Missions” were low-level flights over Germany between 7 May 1945 and 12 May 1945. Sometimes these missions are also called “Low Level Mission”, “Low Level Tours” or “Cook’s Tours”. During these flights across Europe and Germany aerial photographs were taken showing the destruction of German cities.